### OPTICAL ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

STUDY OF BASIC UNIT SCHEMATIC FOR OPTOELECTRONIC DEFLECTOMETER
Alexey Aleev, Gorbatchev Alexey А., Korotaev Valery Viktorovich

9

Three possible schemes of basic unit of dual-channel optoelectronic deflectometer are considered. Two of the schemes relate to prismatic systems with single videocamera, and one scheme includes two oppositely directed cameras. Sensitivity of the devices to basic unit turns is investigated.

SUPERPOSITION OF THERMAL AND TELEVISION IMAGES IN EXAMINATION OF BUILDING UNITS AND CONSTRUCTIONS
Vasiliev Alexander S, Korotaev Valery Viktorovich, Oleg N. Nenarokomov

12

A possibility is considered of superposition of images obtained in different spectral ranges for increased reliability of revealing of thermal deformations and anomalies in building envelopes. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of measured distribution of temperature over the building surface is carried out with the use of described method of calculation of thermal condition of building envelope.

STUDY OF MULTISPECTRAL SELECTION METHOD UNDER CROSS-IMPACTS IN COLOR VIDEOCAMERA CHANNELS
Anton Maraev, Alexander Timofeev, Yaryshev Sergey Nikolaevich

17

Algorithms are proposed for multispectral image processing over a unitary matrix area with the account for cross-impacts between elements of optical-electronic system of anthropogenic catastrophe warning by spatial position of construction elements. The proposed method of multispectral measurement of coordinates of active referent marks in color matrix photo receiver field of view allows for account of impact of thermal gradient in atmospheric tract on optical-electronic control process.

PHYSICAL BACKGROUND OF PHOTODIODE OPERATION IN PHOTOVOLTAIC AND PHOTODIODE MODES
Gennady Ishanin, Chelibanov Vladimir Petrovich

22

Peculiarities of heterojunction p-n diode operation in photovoltaic and photodiode modes are considered. An expression for full photodiode current is derived. Advantages and disadvantages of the photodiode operation in photovoltaic and photodiode modes are analyzed.

APPLICATION OF RICE PROBLEM TO SIGNAL DETECTION IN OPTICAL LOCATION
Maria Serikova, Lebedko Yevgeny Georgievich

28

A new signal detection approach based on analysis of level-crossing intervals is proposed. Detection of weak signal in the presence of heavy noise is shown to be possible when the signal is detected during interval between two successive level crossings.

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL COLOR VISION SYSTEM ADJUSTMENT
Gorbunova Elena V., Korotaev Valery Viktorovich, Chertov Alexander N., Alekhin Artem A

33

Features of color rendering in industrial color vision systems are studied. Key principles of the system adjusting are considered.

ПРОЦЕДУРА ОБУЧЕНИЯ ПРИ РАЗРАБОТКЕ МОДЕЛЕЙ КОНТРОЛЯ ТЕХНИЧЕСКОГО СОСТОЯНИЯ СЛОЖНЫХ СИСТЕМ
Valentin I. Senchenkov

3

Рассматриваются известные процедуры обучения при построении математиче- ских моделей систем как объектов контроля технического состояния. Предло- жена новая процедура группировки обучающих образов и ранжирования групп, позволяющая ускорить сходимость процесса обучения. Проанализированы осо- бенности и преимущества обучения с применением ортонормированного три- гонометрического базиса в моделях контроля правильности функционирования сложных систем.

### OPTICAL TECHNOLOGIES

RESEARCH IN CHARACTERISTICS OF SUN-PROTECTION LENSES AND THEIR IMPACT ON VISUAL ACUITY
Mariya I. Budargina

37

Results of sunglass transmissivity calculation from spectrophotometry data are presented and compared with requirements of All-Union State Standard 51854-2001. The effect of the lenses on vision acuity and subjective image contrast perception is considered.

PHASE-COMPENSATING COATING FOR ASPHERICAL OPTICS
Georgiy V. Nikandrov, Putilin Edvard Stepanovich

42

A new class of multilayered dielectric systems, possessing a constant reflectance over a wide range of optical thickness of one or several layers is investigated. The system is shown to allow for optical system to construct a wavefront for single wavelength or for a given spectral interval.

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERFERENCE COATING WITH IMPROVED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON THE BASE OF MIXED FILMS
Gubanova Lyudmila Alexandrovna, Vasiliy A. Zverev

46

The possibility of creation of new film-forming materials with improved non-optical properties (such asadhesion to a substrate, mechanical stress, hardness, etc.) is considered.

50

The effect of layers thicknesses deviation on laser-damage threshold of dielectric mirror is considered. An analysis of layers thicknesses flaws in 12 mirror samples is carried out, the influence of electric intensity vector distribution over external layers of the mirrors on their radiation resistance is studied.

### APPLIED AND COMPUTER OPTICS

APPLICATION OF SOLUTION OPTIMIZATION MATRIX TO AUTOMATED DESIGN OF OPTICAL INSTRUMENT
Andrey N. Zlenko, Andrey Kolpakov, Nadezhda Tolstoba, Marina A. Zlobina

56

A method is proposed for automated choice of manner of optical detail fastening. The method is based on application of solution optimization matrix.

AMPLITUDE FIBER OPTIC REFLECTOR-TYPE CONVERTER FOR PRESSURE SENSOR
Voznesenskaya Anna O.

60

Results of computer simulation and experimental study of amplitude reflector-type fiber optic converter for a pressure sensor are presented.

STUDY OF SMALL-APERTURE DISTORTION-FREE MIRROR LENS
Bakholdin Alexey V., Цуканова Г. И.

65

Research, calculation, and comparative analysis of three-mirror systems with intermediate image after reflection from two mirrors is carried out. The system under consideration has the following optical characteristics: relative aperture is 1:30, angular field of view 2 ω = 1o, focal length comprises several tens of meters.

COMPUTER MODELING OF HUMAN EYE OPTICAL SYSTEM
Bakholdin Alexey V., Natalya F. Korshikova, Cherkasova Dina Nikolaevna

68

An algorithm of computer modeling of optical system of human is proposed. Possibility of the algorithm application in ophthalmologic practice is demonstrated. An example of model for human eye with presbyopia is presented.

COMPUTER MODELING OF IMAGE OBTAINED WITH MULTI-ELEMENT OPTICAL IMAGE RECEIVER
Mikhail G. Fisenko, Ezhova Ksenia V, Fedor V. Molev

73

The method of color image recording with multi-element optical receiver of Bayer mosaic type is considered. Program realization of several interpolation algorithms (bilinear, nearest neighbor, Kimmel) is proposed. Analysis of obtained results is presented.

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SURFACE MODELING
Ezhova Ksenia V, Ekatherine V. Oshurok

75

A method for creation of three-dimensional model of a surface is proposed. Examples of model calculation for piecewise bilinear surface and surface with piecewise-linear boundary are presented.

### COMPUTERIZATION AND DESIGN OF OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

DIFFRACTION METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF ANGULAR AND SPATIAL DISPLACEMENTS
Nazarov Viktor N., Sokolov Yuri A.

78

A diffraction method of angular and spatial displacements of controllable object is proposed. The method is based on application of amplitude-phase distribution of frequency spectrum of the object. Mathematical formula for irradiance distribution in the image plane is derived. Results of calculations and experiments demonstrate high sensitivity of the method to angular and spatial displacement of controllable object.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TOLERANCES ON MICROLENS PRIMARY ERRORS BY MONTE CARLO METHOD
Alekxander Smirnov, Latyev Svyatoslav M, Danil V. Markov, Sergey A. Chugunov

82

Tolerances on primary errors of microlens are compared with the use a computer model of the optical system in MathCad environment. The lens quality is estimated by image size of a point object. The tolerance is placed using the relationship between the sizes of aberration geometric and diffraction spots.

PHOTOELECTRIC INSTRUMENTS AND DEVICES BASED ON POSITION-SENSITIVE DETECTORS
Olga A. Abakshina, Егоров Г. В., Latyev Svyatoslav M, Sergey S. Mitrofanov

88

Photoelectric instruments for measurement of linear dimension and angular size with the use of positionsensitive detectors of Multiscan type are studied.