### INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS

GENERALIZED STRUCTURE OF ADAPTIVE INFORMATION AND MEASURING COMPLEX OF MOBILE OBJECT
Ivan V. Fominov

5

A theoretical approach to development of adaptive information and measuring complex of mobile object is considered. The basis of the approach consists in application of the theory of adaptive management at different levels of hierarchy of measuring system. The proposed method is focused on improvement of accuracy of information on orientation and navigation parameters of the mobile object functioning in random perturbation conditions.

SEARCH METHOD FOR OPTIMAL PROGRAM OF LAUNCHER MOVEMENT TO MINIMIZE JETTISONABLE ELEMENTS SCATTERING AREA
Nikolay F. Averkiev, Dastanbek A. Bulekbaev

10

The problem of synthesis of the optimal launcher movement control program for active trajectory part is considered. The area of scattering ellipse of jettisonable elements is taken as the functional to be optimized. A method of deliberate replacement of optimizable functional is used for development of the control program.

### GYROSCOPIC AND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

CALCULATION OF SPACECRAFT ORIENTATION IN GEOCENTRIC EQUATORIAL COORDINATE SYSTEM ON THE BASE OF ASTRONOMICAL MEASUREMENTS IN THE ABSENCE OF ORBIT PARAMETERS DATA
Tamara V. Danilova, Архипова М. А.

13

A method is proposed for spacecraft orientation in geocentric equatorial system of coordinates in the absence of data on orbit parameters. The method is based on astronomical measurements and the subsequent recognition of stars.

DESIGN OPTIONS OF DIAMETRIC SCHEMATIC OF GYRO-INCLINOMETER FOR HIGHLATITUDE
UNDERGROUND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS
Tatiana V. Paderina, Dmitry A. Sokolov

21

Basic schemes and design solutions in development of orientation module of gyroscopic underground navigation system are presented. The system is designed for operation on Arctic seas shelf.

### OPTICAL AND OPTO-ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS AND SYSTEMS

OPTICAL-ELECTRONIC CONVERTER OF LINEAR DISPLACEMENT OF SUBMICRON ACCURACY
Nikolay V. Smirnov, Prokofjev A. V.

27

An incremental optical-electronic converter of linear displacement of submicron accuracy is described. The converter is designed to be used in multi-axis machining equipment. Results of the converter accuracy measurement are presented.

AUTOCOLLIMATION FOCUSING IN OPTO-ELECTRONIC IR SYSTEM
Ilya V. Erofeev

31

A method for automated compensation for de-focusing in opto-electronic systems for IR spectrum range is considered. A variant of the Narcissus effect application for automated alignment of the systems in question is presented.

OPTICAL SPATIAL-FREQUENCY ANALOG-DIGITAL CONVERTER
Sergey V. Sokolov, Vladislav V. Kamensky

35

An optical spatial-frequency analog-digital converter is presented. The ADC operation is based on consecutive conversion of input optical signal frequency. The converter is designed for transformation of both electrical and optical analog signals into positional binary code.

CALCULATION OF A NO-GLARE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LAMP
Аlexander S. Saushin, Alexey M. Leshchev, Gennady M. Mikheev

39

A design of a no-glare light-emitting diode lamp is sugested. Removal of blinding effect is achieved with installation of plate reflectors to distribute the light-emitting diodes radiation uniformly over the lamp surface. Results of optical calculations and geometric parameters of the light-emitting diode lamp are presented for the case of a transparent glass with the refractive index of 1.5.

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF WILDFIRE AS A SOURCE OF INFRARED RADIATION
Vasiliev Alexander S, Andrey V. Krasnyaschikh, Korotaev Valery Viktorovich, Oleg Lashmanov, Dmitry Yu. Lysenko, Anatoly S. Shirokov

44

The problems of mathematical modeling of wildfire as a source of infrared radiation are considered. Main components of the forest fire that define type and character of the fire are analyzed. A general algorithm for synthesis of a thermal image of wildfire is presented.

### HEAT REGIMES OF INSTRUMENTS AND SYSTEMS

SOLUTION OF THE INTEGRO-DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION OF HEAT TRANSFER IN THE PROBLEM OF FOREST FIRE SPREAD MODELING
Sergey A. Astafiev

50

Process of solving of the integro-differential equation of heat transfer is described. The equation is used as a basic one for description of heat transmission variation in mathematical model of forest fire spread.

METHOD FOR MAINTENANCE OF TEMPERATURE IN A SPACE VEHICLE MOVING ALONG A CIRCULAR ORBIT WITH SHADOW PATH SECTION
Yulia Bayova, Lapovok Yevgeniy V., Hankov Sergei I.

56

A method for selection of governing characteristics for maintenance of a desired temperature in the spacecraft is proposed. The method is based on calculation of the steady-state thermal condition along the shadow and solar path sections; the absence of the solar power on the shadow path section is compensated by inner source of heat.

### INSTRUMENT-MAKING TECHNOLOGY

62

Results of statistical analysis of data obtained at coaxiality control of holes in machine body with various methods are presented. The accuracy of the holes deflection from coaxiality measurement is shown to depend on assignment of the measuring base – common axis of the holes.

FORMATION OF REGULAR MICRORELIEF ON SOLID SURFACE WITH SHARPLY FOCUSED BEAM OF HEAVY IONS
Medunetskiy Viktor M., Anna A. Shmidberskaya

65

The process of groove profile formation on solid surface under the action of sharply focused beam of heavy ions is studied. Main parameters of the process affecting the formatted grove geometry characteristics are determined.

MECHANOLUMINESCENCE OF QUARTZ AND ORGANIC GLASS UPON A SHOCK
Мамалимов Р. И., Igor P. Shcherbakov, Mamedov Roman K.

69

Dynamics of mechanoluminescence flushes from silica and organic glass under the impact of steel striker is studied. A setup is designed for computer record and signal processing of mechanoluminescence flushes from solids in the temperature range 170—670 K is designed.

### BRIEF NOTES

MODEL OF OPTICAL SEPARATOR FOR SOLID MINERALS
Gorbunova Elena V., Nikita A. Pavlenko, Alexander Chertov

75

A model of optical separator for small-sized samples of solid minerals based on analysis of the sample color is proposed.

METHOD FOR THEMATIC INTERPRETATION OF SATELLITE IMAGES OF FOREST AREAS ON THE BASE OF STRUCTURAL MODELS
Roman A. Aleshko, Aleksander T. Guriev

76

A method for thematic interpretation of satellite images of forest areas is presented. The method is developed with the use of structural modeling and application of set theory means.