ISSN 0021-3454 (print version)
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12
Issue
vol 64 / December, 2021
Article

DOI 10.17586/0021-3454-2021-64-9-774-781

UDC 629.7.054.44: 629.7.05.067

THEORETICAL BASES OF DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH OF ELECTRONIC SENSOR OF SMALL-SIZED AIRCRAFT SPEED VECTOR PARAMETERS

E. S. Efremova
A. N. Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical University, Department of Instruments and Information-Measuring Systems;


A. V. Nikitin
A. N. Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical University, Department of Devices and Information-Measuring Systems; Senior Lecturer


V. V. Soldatkin
A. N. Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical University, Department of Devices and InformationMeasuring Systems; Associate Professor


V. M. Soldatkin
A.N. Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical University-КAI, Department of Devices and Information-Measurement Systems; Professor


Abstract. Information on aircraft speed vector module and direction relative to the aircraft's longitudinal axis, determined by the aerodynamic angles of attack and slip, is noted to be of importance for the aircraft piloting and ensuring safety of its movement in the atmosphere. An analysis of available means for determining the airspeed vector, which include the aerodynamic, vane, vortex and ion-beacon methods for measuring the incoming air flow parameters, is carried out. Restrictions on the methods application in the case of a small aircraft are considered. A functional diagram of an integrated electronic sensor of air velocity vector parameters of a small aircraft with ultrasonic measuring channels is presented. Distinctive feature of the sensor is the use of two pairs of combined emitters and receivers of ultrasonic vibrations propagating in the directions of the incoming air flow and against the flow and registered by an electronic measuring circuit with two measuring channels. Analytical models are developed for formation and processing of informative signals, for determining the air speed vector parameters of a small aircraft by frequency, time-pulse and phase informative signals of ultrasonic measuring channels. The competitive advantages and prospects of using the electronic sensor of airspeed vector parameters on small manned and unmanned aircraft are described.
Keywords: small-sized aircraft, airspeed vector, sensor, ultrasonic signals, models, processing

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